Ch. 6. The Sixteen Divisions of a Rāśi
1. O Mahārśi Parāśara, I have known from you about the Planets, Rāśis and their descriptions. I desire to know the details of v6thous divisions of a Rāśi, will you please narrate.
2-4. Names of the 16 Vargaas. Lord Brahma has described 16 kinds of Vargaas (Divisions) for each Rāśi. Listen to those. The names are Rāśi, Horā, Dreshkana, Chaturthāńśa, Saptāńśa, Navāmśa, Dashāńśa, Dvadashāńśa, Shodashāńś, Vimshāńś, Chaturvimshāńś, Saptavimshāńś, Trimshāńśa, Khavedāńś, Akshavedāńś and Shashtiāńś.
5-6. Rāśi and Horā. The Rāśi, owned by a Planet, is called its Kshetra. The first half of an odd Rāśi is the Hora, ruled by Sun. While the second half is the Hora of Moon. The reverse is true in the case of an even Rāśi. Half of a Rāśi is called Hora. These are totally 24, counted from Aries and repeated twice (at the rate of 12) in the whole of the zodiac.
7-8. Dreshkana. One third of a Rāśi is called Dreshkana. These are totally 36, counted from Aries, repeating thrice at the rate of 12 per round. The 1st, 5th and the 9th Rāśis from a Rāśi are its three Dreshkanas and are, respectively, lorded by Narada, Agasthya and Durvash.
9. Chaturthāńśa. The Lords of the 4 Kendras from a Rāśi are the rulers of respective Chaturthāńśa of a Rāśi, commencing from Aries. Each Chaturthāńśa is one fourth of a Rāśi. The deities, respectively, are Sanak, Sanand, Kumar and Sanatan.
10-11. Saptāńśa. The Saptāńśa (one seventh of a Rāśi) counting commences from the same Rāśi in the case of an odd Rāśi. It is from the seventh Rāśi thereof, while an even Rāśi is considered. The names of the seven divisions in odd Rāśis are Kshaar Ksheer, Dadhi, Ghrith, Ikshu, Ras, Madhya and Suddh Jal. These designations are reversed for an even Rāśi.
12. Navāmśa. The Navāmśa calculation are for a Movable Rāśi from there itself, for a Fixed Rāśi from the 9th thereof and for a Dual Rāśi from the 5th thereof. They go by designations Deva (divine), Manushya (human) and Rakshasa (devilish) in a successive and repetitive order for a Movable Rāśi. (Manushya, Rakshasa and Deva are the order for a Fixed Rāśi, while Rakshasa, Manushya and Deva are a Dual Rāśis order)
13-14. Dashāńśa. Starting from the same Rāśi for an odd Rāśi and from the 9th with reference to an even Rāśi, the 10 Dashāńśas, each of 3 degrees, are reckoned. These are presided over by the ten rulers of the cardinal directions, viz. Indra, Agni, Yama, Rakshasa, Varuna, Vayu, Kuber, Isan, Brahma and Ananth in case of an odd Rāśi. It is in the reverse order, that these presiding deities are reckoned, when an even Rāśi is given.
15. Dvadashāńśa. The reckoning of the Dvadashāńśa (one twelfth of a Rāśi, or 2 degrees each) commences from the same Rāśi. In each Rāśi the presidentship repeats thrice in the order of Ganesh, Ashvini Kumar, Yama and Sarpa for the 12 Dvadashāńśaas.
16. Shodashāńś (or Kalāńś). Starting from Aries for a Movable Rāśi, from Leo for a Fixed Rāśi and from Sagittarius for a Dual Rāśi, the 16 Shodashāńśas (16th part of a Rāśi, i.e. of 1ｰ5230) are regularly distributed. The presiding deities of these repeat in the order Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva and Sun four times in the case of an odd Rāśi. It is reverse in the case of an even Rāśi, that these ruling deities are understood.
17-21. Vimshāńś. From Aries for a Movable Rāśi, from Sagittarius for a Fixed Rāśi and from Leo for a Common Rāśi: this is how the calculations of Vimshāńśas (1/20th of a Rāśi, or 1030 each) are to commence. The presiding deities of the 20 Vimshāńśas in an odd Rāśi are, respectively: Kali, Gauri, Jaya, Lakshmi, Vijaya, Vimal, Sati, Tara, Jvalamukhi, Sveta, Lalita, Bagalamukhi, Pratyangir, Shachi, Raudri, Houseni, Varad, Jaya, Tripura and Sumukhi. In an even Rāśi these 20 deities, respectively, are Daya, Megha, Chinnasi, Pisachini, Dhumavathi, Matangi, Bala, Bhadr, Arun, Anal, Pingal, Chuchchuk, Ghora, Vaarahi, Vaishnavi, Sita, Bhuvanesv6th, Bhairavi, Mars and Aparajit.
22-23. Chaturvimshāńś. The Chaturvimshāńś (1/24th part of a Rāśi, or 1:15 each) distribution commences from Leo and Cancer, respectively, for an odd and an even Rāśi. In the case of an odd Rāśi the ruling deities repeat twice in the order of Skand, Parusdhar, Anal, Vishwa10th, Bhag, Mitr, Maya, Antaka, Vrisha-Dwaja, Govinda, Madan and Bhima. Reverse these from Bhima twice to know the deities for the Chaturvimshāńś in an even Rāśi.
24-26. Saptavimshāńś (Nakshatraāńś, or Bhāńś). The Saptavimshāńś Lords are, respectively, the presiding deities of the 27 Nakshatras, as under: Dastra (Ashvini Kumar), Yama, Agni, Brahma, Moon, Isa, Adhiti, Jiva, Ahi, Pitar, Bhag, Aryama, Sun, Tvasht, Marut, Chakragni, Mitr, Vasava, Rakshasa, Varuna, Vishwadeva, Govinda, Vasu, Varuna, Ajap, Ahirbuddhnya and Pushya. These are for an odd Rāśis. Count these deities in a reverse order for an even Rāśi. The Saptavimshāńś distribution commences from Aries and other Movable Rāśis for all the 12 Rāśis.
27-28. Trimshāńśa. The Trimshāńśa Lords for an odd Rāśi are Mars, Saturn, Jupiter, Mercury and Venus. Each of them in order rules 5, 5, 8, 7 and 5 degrees. The deities, ruling over the Trimshāńśaas, are, respectively, Agni, Vayu, Indra, Kuber and Varuna. In the case of an even Rāśi the quantum of Trimshāńśa, Planet lordship and deities get reversed.
29-30. Khavedāńś (1/40th part of a Rāśi). For odd Rāśis count from Aries and for an even Rāśi from Libra in respect of Khavedāńśas (each of 45 of arc). Vishnu, Moon, M6thchi, Tvasht, Dhata, Shiva, Ravi, Yama, Yaksh, Gandharv, Kaal and Varuna repeat successively, as presiding deities, in the same order for all Rāśis.
31-32. Akshavedāńś (1/45th part of a Rāśi). Aries, Leo and Sagittarius are the Rāśis, from which the distributions, respectively, commence for Movable, Immovable and Common Rāśis. In Movable Rāśis Brahma, Shiva and Vishnu; in Immovable Rāśis Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma and in Common Rāśis Vishnu, Brahma and Shiva repeat 15 times the presidentship over these Akshavedāńśas.
33-41. Shashtiāńś (1/60th part of a Rāśi, or half a degree each). To calculate the Shashtiāńś Lord ignore the Rāśi position of a Planet and take the degrees etc. it traversed in that Rāśi. Multiply that figure by 2 and divide the degrees by 12. Add 1 to the remainder, which will indicate the Rāśi, in which the Shashtiāńś falls. The Lord of that Rāśi is the Planet, ruling the said Shashtiāńś. In odd Rāśis the names of Shashtiāńśas are 1. Ghora, 2. Rakshasa, 3. Deva, 4. Kuber, 5. Yaksh, 6. Kindar, 7. Bhrasht, 8. Kulaghna, 9. Garal, 10. Vahni, 11. Maya, 12. Purishak, 13. Apampathi, 14. Marutwan, 15. Kaal, 16. Sarpa, 17. Amrit, 18. Indu, 19. Mridu, 20. Komal, 21. Heramba, 22. Brahma, 23. Vishnu, 24. Maheshwara, 25. Deva, 26. Ardr, 27. Kalinas, 28. Kshitees, 29. Kamalakar, 30. Gulika, 31. Mrityu, 32. Kaal, 33. Davagni, 34. Ghora, 35. Yama, 36 Kantak, 37. Suddh, 38. Amrit, 39. PurnaMoon, 40. Vishadagdha, 41. Kulanas, 42. Vamshakshaya, 43. Utpat, 44. Kaal, 45. Saumya, 46. Komal, 47. Sheetal, 48. Karaladamshtr, 49. Moonamukhi, 50. Praveen, 51. Kaalpavak, 52. 2ndnayudh, 53. Nirmal, 54. Saumya, 55. Krur, 56. Atisheetal, 57. Amrit, 58. Payodhi, 59. Brahman, 60. MoonaRekha (InduRekha). The reverse is the order for even Rāśis in so much, as these names are cased. Planets in benefic Shashtiāńśas produce auspicious, while the opposite is true in case of Planets in malefic Shashtiāńśas.
42-53. Varga Classification. Maitreya, explained now are the sum effects of classifications of different divisions (or Vargaas, so far narrated). These are four kinds, viz. Shad Varga, Sapth Varga, Dasha Varga and Shodasha Varga. In the Shad Varga classification the Varga designations are Kimshuk, Vyanjan, Chamar, Chatr and Kundal, according to a Planet being in 2 to 6 combinations of good Vargaas. Next is the Sapth Varga, in which these classifications continue in the same manner up to six combinations of good Vargaas, the 7th additional Varga getting classified, as Mukut. In the Dasha Varga scheme the designations commence from Parijata etc., such as 2 good Vargaas – Parijatha, 3 Uttama, 4 Gopur, 5 Leoasan, 6 Paravata, 7 Devaloka, 8 Brahmaloka, 9 Sakravahana and 10 Vargaas – Shridham. In the Shodasha Varga scheme the combinations of Vargaas go with designations thus: two good Vargaas – Bhedak, 3 Kusum, 4 Nagapushpa, 5 Kanduk, 6 Kerala, 7 Kalpa Vriksha, 8 Chandan Vana, 9 Purnachandra, 10 Uchchaisrava, 11 Dhanvantara, 12 Sunkant, 13 Vidrum, 14 Chakra-Leoasan, 15 Golok and 16 Vargaas – Śrī Vallbha. In these divisions the divisions, falling in the Planets exaltation Rāśi, Moolatrikona Rāśi, own Rāśi and the Rāśis, owned by the Lord of a Kendra from the Arudha Lagna, are all to be considered (as good Vargaas). The divisions of a combust Planet, defeated Planet, weak Planet and a Planet in bad Avasthas, like Sayan, be all ignored to be auspicious, for these destroy the good Yogas.